The situation in West Papua
A summary of Amnesty International’s report 2012th The text is drawn from the report “AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL REPORT 2012 THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S HUMAN RIGHTS”.
“Peaceful political activities continued to be criminalized in Papua.”
Torture and other ill-treatment
Security forces faced repeated allegations of torturing and otherwise ill-treating detainees, particularly peaceful political activists in areas with a history of independence movements such as Papua and Maluku. Independent investigations into such allegations were rare.
In January, three soldiers who had been filmed kicking and verbally abusing Papuans were sentenced by amilitary court to between eight and 10 months’ imprisonment for disobeying orders. A senior Indonesian government official described the abuse as a “minor violation”.
In April, police in Papua shot Dominokus Auwe in the chest and head, killing him, and wounded two others in front of the Moanemani sub-district police station. The three men had approached the station peacefully to inquire about money the police had seized from Dominokus Auwe earlier that day.
Freedom of expression
The government continued to criminalize peaceful political expression in Maluku and Papua. At least 90 political activists were imprisoned for their peaceful political activities.
In October, over 300 people were arbitrarily arrested after participating in the Third Papuan People´s Congress, a peaceful gathering held in Abepura town, Papua Province. Although most were held overnight and released the next day, five were charged with “rebellion” under Article 106 of the Criminal Code. The charge could carry a maximum life sentence. A preliminary investigation by the National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM) found that the security forces had committed a range of human rights violations, including opening fire on participants at the gathering, and beating and kicking them. Some human rights defenders and journalists continued to be intimidated and attacked because of their work.
In March, journalist Banjir Ambarita was stabbed by unidentified persons in the province of Papua shortly after he had written about two cases of women who were reportedly raped by police officers in Papua. He survived the attack.
In June,military officers beat Yones Douw, a human rights defender in Papua, after he tried tomonitor a protest calling for accountability for the possible unlawful killing of Papuan Derek Adii in May.
Perpetrators of past human rights violations in Aceh, Papua, Timor-Leste and elsewhere remained free from prosecution. The Attorney General’s office failed to act on cases of serious human rights violations submitted by the National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM). These included crimes against humanity committed by members of the security forces.
Read the full report here: http://files.amnesty.org/air12/air_2012_full_en.pdf
By: J. Prai